Construction projects reach 2,529 in 4th quarter 2018
Approved building permits in four quarter 2018 totaled to 2,529. Of the total construction projects, 1,825 or 72.2 percent were residential-type buildings, 398 or 15.7 percent were non-residential and 306 or 12.1 percent were additions, alterations and repair constructions.
Figure 1 shows the distribution of construction projects by type for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Among the provinces in Region I, the highest number of construction projects was recorded in
Pangasinan with 847, accounting to 33.5 percent of the total construction projects, followed by Ilocos Norte with 784 (31.0 %), Ilocos Sur with 599 (23.7 %)) and La Union with 299 (11.8 %).
Figure 2 shows the distribution of construction projects by province for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Total value of construction amounts to ₱3.9 billion
Total value of construction from approved building permits for the fourth quarter of 2018 was recorded at ₱3.9 billion.
By type of construction projects, value of residential buildings amounted to ₱2.0 billion, while non-residential construction buildings were valued at ₱1.6 billion for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Combined value of constructions for additions, alterations and repairs of existing structures was estimated at ₱299.6 million.
Figure 3 displays the aggregate value of construction by type for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Average cost per square meter of residential building construction is ₱9,684
Total value of construction for residential buildings was ₱2.0 billion with a total floor area of 206,268 square meters, translating to an average cost of ₱9,684 per square meter.
Among the residential constructions, single houses recorded the bulk of the projects with 1,764 accounting for 96.7 percent of the total. Total value of construction for this type reached
₱1.9 billion covering a total floor area of 191,287 square meters, translating to an average cost of ₱9,736 per square meter.
Apartment/accessoria ranked far second with 52 construction projects representing 2.8 percent of the total residential construction. This type of residential building had an estimated construction value of ₱126.4 million with a total floor area of 14,041 square meters, translating to an average cost of ₱9,000 per square meter.
Duplex houses recorded a total of 8 construction projects representing 0.4 percent of the total residential construction. Total construction value for this type amounted to ₱7.8 million and a total floor area of 865 square meters or an average cost of ₱9,072 per square meter.
Figure 4 shows the number and value of residential construction by type for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Commercial building dominates non-residential construction projects
The total value of non-residential building constructions in the region reached ₱1.6 billion with a total floor area of 148,188 square meters, reflecting an average cost of ₱11,064 per square meter.
Commercial buildings had the highest number with 219 construction projects or 55.0 percent of the total non-residential constructions. Value of construction for this type was estimated at ₱547.9 million covering a total floor area of 61,815 square meters or an average cost of ₱8,864 per square meter.
Institutional buildings ranked second with 140 construction projects or 35.2 percent of the total non-residential construction with a total construction value of ₱962.4 million and a total floor area of 73,095 square meters or an average cost of ₱13,166 per square meter.
Industrial buildings followed with 20 construction projects or 5.0 percent of the total non-residential building construction. It has a total construction value of ₱56.1 million and with a total floor area of 7,361 square meters or an average cost of ₱7,621 per square meter.
Agricultural buildings ranked fourth with 17 construction projects. It comprised 4.3 percent of the total non-residential building constructions with construction value of ₱71.9 million with a total floor area of 5,917 square meters or an average cost of ₱12,159 per square meter.
Other buildings comprised 2 construction projects or 0.5 percent of the non-residential construction with a total value of ₱1.1 million.
Figure 5 shows the number and value of non-residential construction by type for the fourth quarter 2018.
This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits for the fourth quarter of 2018, generated 60 days after the reference quarter.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities/municipalities nationwide in a specific period.
Source of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
- Data on private building constructions refer to those proposed to be constructed during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
- The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the Office of Local Building Officials (LBOs). Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded from the tabulation of data.
Private building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC). The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of provinces of Region 1.
The geographic codes are in accordance with NSCB Resolution No. 3, Series of 2005 that approved the PSGC.
Construction statistics utilizes the amended 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to classify the main activity through the use or type of occupancy of the building.
Definitions of Terms
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the Local Building Official (LBO) to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential buildings are buildings for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accessoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential constructions consist of school or company staff houses, and living quarters for drivers and maids and guardhouses.
Non-residential buildings include these type of buildings: Commercial, Industrial, Agricultural and Institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are buildings that are used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which are primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestocks, plants and agricultural products such as barns, poultry houses, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mills.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Demolition refers to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure or in part.
Street furnitures are street structures which consist of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lamp posts, electric poles and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.
Unpublished data at the municipal level may also be made available upon request from the
Industry Statistics Division, Philippine Statistics Authority, 16th Floor, Cyberpod Eton, Centris 3, EDSA Cor Quezon Avenue, Brgy. Pinyahan, Quezon City, 1100, with telephone no.# 02-3762060.
Approved for Release: