The results of the January 2018 Labor Force Survey (LFS) showed an employment rate of 93.3 percent for Ilocos Region. This was 2 percent higher than the employment rate recorded in January 2017. When compared with that of the national figure, Ilocos Region’s employment rate was lower by 1.4 percentage points. In terms of the labor force participation rate (LFPR), Ilocos Region posted an increase of 2.6 percentage points from 60.7 percent in January 2017 to 63.3 percent in January 2018. This was higher by 1.1 percentage points than the country’s LFPR of 62.2 percent in January 2018.
The employment rate of the region together with CALABARZON was tagged as the second lowest employment rate among all the regions in January 2018, NCR posted the lowest employment rate at 92.2 percent. On the other hand, ARMM recorded the highest employment rate at 97.4 percent.
Meanwhile, Caraga posted an increase of 4.5 percentage points in their employment rate from 91.5 percent in January 2017 to 96.0 percent in January 2018. Among the regions, Central Visayas was the only region which posted a decrease in employment rate from 95.4 percent in January 2017 to 94.2 percent in January 2018.
Figure 2 shows an increase of 0.9 percentage point in the number of employed females in Ilocos Region from 37.5 percent in January 2017 to 38.4 percent in January 2018. Around two for every three employed persons in Ilocos Region were males in January 2018.
It is manifested in Figure 3 that most of the employed persons in Ilocos Region were either in Junior High School level or graduate of Junior High School corresponding to 49.4 percent, similarly to country’s figure at 41.5 percent. On the other hand, a small portion of employed persons were Senior High School level/graduate at 0.2 percent for Ilocos Region and 0.4 percent for the Philippines.
Meanwhile, 26.4 percent of the employed persons in Ilocos Region were College level/graduate which was higher by 0.8 percentage point than the 25.6 percent recorded for the whole country. For Post-Secondary level/graduate, 5.1 percent of the employed persons in the region were in this category which was higher by 0.6 percent compared to the country’s figure posted at 4.5 percent. For Elementary level/graduate, 18.3 percent of the employed persons in Ilocos Region belong to this category which was lower by 8.3 percentage points compared to the country’s figure at 26.6 percent. Lastly, 0.6 percent of the employed persons in the region did not have any formal education. This was lower by 1.0 percentage point than the 1.6 percent recorded for the country.
Among the various occupation groups, workers under elementary occupations comprised the biggest category making up 31.0 percent in January 2018 and 27.5 percent in January 2017. Followed by service and sales workers accounting to 15.7 percent in January 2018 and 18.1 percent in January 2017, respectively.
Managers was the third biggest occupation group with 15.0 percent in January 2018 and 15.1 percent in January 2017.
The smallest occupation group was the armed forces and special occupations at less than 0.1 percent for both January 2018 and January 2017.
In terms of percent distribution of employed persons by major industry, workers in the service sectors comprised the largest group, making up 54.9 percent and 55.7 percent of the total employed in Ilocos Region in January 2018 and January 2017, respectively.
This was followed by workers in agriculture sector with 27.7 percent and 26.3 percent in January 2018 and January 2017, respectively.
Meanwhile, workers in the industry sector made up 17.4 percent of the total employed persons in Ilocos Region in January 2018, and 18.0 percent in January 2017.
About 61.7 percent of the employed persons in Ilocos Region were wage and salary workers in January 2018. This figure was higher by 1.7 percentage points compared to the estimate in January 2017 with 60.0 percent. Self-employed without any paid employee ranked second with 27.0 percent both in January 2018 and January 2017. Employer in own family-operated farm or business recorded 5.3 percent in January 2018 which was lower by 0.7 percentage point as comprised to January 2017 at 6.0 percent. Unpaid workers recorded 6.0 percent in January 2018 which was lower by 1.0 percentage point compared to that in January 2017 at 7.0 percent.
For wage and salary workers, those who worked in private establishments comprised the biggest group with 46.5 percent in January 2018, which was lower by 0.8 percentage point compared to January 2017 at 47.3 percent. Employed persons in government and government-controlled corporation shared 10.3 percent in January 2018, higher by 2.3 percentage points compared to 8.0 percent in January 2017. On the other hand, the proportion of individuals who worked for private households was 4.7 percent in January 2018, higher by 0.2 percentage point in January 2017 at 4.5 percent. The smallest group with 0.3 and 0.2 percent in January 2018 and January 2017, respectively was those who worked with pay in own family-operated farm or business.
Figure 7 shows that most of the employed persons in Ilocos Region for both sexes worked at least 40 hours a week with 62.4 percent for males and 59.2 percent for females. This was followed by those who worked under 20 hours for both sexes with 15.9 percent for males and 23.6 for females. For employed persons who worked 20 to 29 hours, 12.9 percent were males and 10.1 were females. For employed persons who worked 30 to 39 hours, 8.1 percent were males and 6.2 were females. And the least of the group, 0.8 percent of males and 0.9 of females were not engaged in any work during the reference period.
In terms of job hunting, Ilocos Region recorded the highest duration of unemployed persons looking for work with an average of 10.3 weeks before landing in a job or stopped looking for a job. On the other hand, the shortest duration that unemployed persons looked for work was in CALABARZON with an average of 2.4 weeks.
Starting July 2003, the Labor Force Survey (LFS) adopted the 2003 Master Sample Design, with a sample size of approximately 50,000 households.
Starting in the January 2012 LFS, the codes for industry adopted the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC). Prior to this, codes for industry used the 1994 PSIC.
Starting in the January 2012 LFS, more detailed categories for highest grade completed used in the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH) were also adopted.
Starting in the January 2012 LFS, a question on whether a household member is a graduate of a technical vocational course was asked for each person 15 years or older.
Starting April 2005, the new unemployment definition was adopted per NSCB Resolution Number 15 dated October 20, 2004. As indicated in the said resolution, the unemployed include all persons who are 15 years and over as of their last birthday and are reported as: (1) without work and currently available for work and seeking work; or (2) without work and currently available for work but not seeking work for the following reasons:
Tired/believed no work available
Awaiting results of previous job application
T emporary illness/disability
Waiting for rehire/job recall
Starting with the January 2007 LFS round, the population projections based on the 2000 Census of Population and Housing was adopted to generate the labor force statistics. This is in compliance with NSCB Resolution No. 1 series of 2005 entitled “Adoption of the Methodology Used in Generating the 2000 Census of Population and Housing-Based National Population Projections”.
The 2012 Philippine Standard Occupational Classification (PSOC) was adopted starting April 2016.